In the early 13th centrury in England many of the Barons and people of the country were unhappy about the abuse of power by the monach King John, related to many aspects of basic human rights, tax, legal and land rights, which we take forgranted today. During medievel times the monach had absolute power in relation to Taxes, Land Rights, Marages and Legal issues. After many years of forcably colecting tax for uncessesfull wars in France a group of rebel Barons and Clergy demanded change and forced King John to meet with them and discuss their demands for a new rule of law and order which were outlined in a document called the “Article of the Barons”. The meeting was held on the 15th of June 2015 in a meddow at Runnymede near Windson on the banks of the Thames river in England. At the meeting a list of 63 Articles and Clauses were discussed and agreed apon which was arbitrated and compiled by Stephen Langton- Archbishop of Canterbury into a final document, known as Magna Carta which was agreed to by the King using has royal seal on 19th June 2015.
The principles of Magna Carta and its significance in political and social transformation is regarded by many historians to be one of the most significan meetings and documents in history of which the following clause has been enshrined into many nations constitutions and law:
No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.
Of the copies of Magna Carta made from parchment and the Kings Seal of bees wax only a few remain and is one of the worlds most valuable documents. A 1297 copy issued by Edward I was sold at auction at Southerbys in New York in 2007 for $21.3M.
Location: Runnymede, Windsor, England
Date: 15th to 19th June 1215
Facilitator: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
Purpose: Political, Legal and Social Reform
Agenda: The Article of the Barons
Minutes: Magna Carta